Not long after md5, the computation progress has made another victim.
Last week, it was made public that the SHA-1 hash function should be now considered vulnerable. The discovery bring up that the computation to create a collision hash has been dramaticaly reduced. As a consequence, the SHA-1 function can’t warranty anymore the uniquity – and so the integrity – of the hashed object.
There are a few ressources :
This is the natural evolution of cryptography. Stronger cryptography is required against stronger CPU power. In this race, it is now suggested to migrate to SHA-2 whose digest lenghts range from 224 to 512 bits (instead of 160 bits for SHA-1). And until next time, where we will be urged to migrate to SHA-3 ;)
Debian, whose infrastructure was based on SHA-1 (package management, development) is quickly migrating all its keys right now. The procedure the Debian people should follow implies a transition period, where the new key will be signed with the former key, until the latter is revoked. Thus until all peers are updated too, to avoid breaking all the signing infrastruture.